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Basic Troubleshooting For the NOOB

Basic Troubleshooting For the NOOB

In this age of digitization and computer aided assistance, it doesn’t hurt to know a few things about computers. In almost every house hold in the world there is a computer, our cellphones can be classified as computers. Today we will just go over some basic trouble shooting guides that even an IT noob can carry out.

My computer will not power up

  • Make sure the power outlet has power and has been turned on.
  • Check and make sure all power cables are firmly plugged into the back of the machine and the monitor.
  • Plug directly into the wall socket if power extension strip is not working to check if cables are functional.
  • Replace faulty cables with one that you know works.
  • Look out for your power indicator lights on your device and wall socket, to ensure there is power.

My computer freezes

  • End programs Not Responding by using Ctrl & Alt & Del keys to pull up the Task Manager, toggle through the programs or processes and end non responsive programs.
  • Try restarting your computer. Many basic problems can be resolved easily and quickly by doing this.
  • Properly manage your device usage run-time if the computer is not in use, power it down.
  • Depending on the speed and size of your processor and RAM, load and run programs responsibly.
  • If all the above fails and you cannot shutdown/restart your computer, hold down the power button on the machine until it forcibly turns off. Wait a while and then turn it back on again.

My computer is slow

  • Do not have many programs running at the same time. Running program consumes a bit of the system’s resources like memory and processing power.
  • If you are not using an open file or program, close it
  • Viruses and malware can slow down your computer, as well as cause other problems like not allowing you to access the internet or programs installed on your computer. Scan device with a trusted antivirus as frequently as possible and keep said antivirus updated.
  • Be responsible when it comes to internet activates like downloads and the websites visited.
  • As data is constantly written, read, and deleted it becomes scattered across your hard disk forming clusters making it difficult to find data hence slowing down your computer as it takes additional time to find and read.

i.e. Whenever data is copied to your drive, the computer saves a memory of it when you delete or read that data .Or even when that data is copied to  another location, it stores all those activities like footprints so when you want to retrieve it, it is easy to find. Defragmentation clears the old footprints and keeps only the latest one.

 

By running the disk defragmenter, the data is consolidated in one location and related data is placed near  each other.

 

  • Click on Start –> All Programs –> Accessories –> System Tools –> Disk Defragmenter.
  • Click on the Analyze button to allow Windows to check if the disk needs to be defragmented.
  • If Windows reports that the disk needs to be defragmented, click on the Defragment button. This may take some time to complete. Try not to use your computer whilst it is defragmenting.

 

  • Upgrade your computer hardware.Adding more memory can speed up your computer quite a bit, and it’s relatively cheap.
  • You may also want to look into replacing your computer.
  • Free Hard disk space
  • Restart the computer

 

Written by : Benedictus Ashigbui

June 21, 2019

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