The political legend and revolutionary, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah was born on this day in the year 1909. He formed the Convention People’s Party (CPP) after a stint with the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC). Having led Ghana (then Gold Coast) to gain independence from Britain, he became the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana. He oversaw Gold Coast emerge as the new nation of Ghana and headed the country from independence in 1957 until he was overthrown by a coup in 1966. His strong advocacy for pan-Africanism led him to be a founding member of the Organisation of African Unity. Under him, Ghana played a significant role in African international relations during the decolonisation period.
In developing his political philosophy, he was greatly influenced by the principles of Karl Marx, Nikolai Lenin and especially, Marcus Garvey (he intensively championed the pride associated with the Black Race). Garvey’s impact on Nkrumah was evident in the fact that he renamed the national shipping line as the Black Star Line, the same name Garvey had given to his shipping line and the independence square was name as the Black Star Square.
One of Kwame Nkrumah’s foremost ideologies was known as Consciencism; this ideology championed anti-colonialism through social revolution which was to be propagated through intellectual revolution. This was Nkrumah’s ideological perspective which was positioned towards achieving social, economic and political emancipation of the African.
Nkrumah also adopted socialism as a means to demolish colonialism and promote national development. He constantly spoke on breaking the chains of colonialism and imperialism and advocated for pan-African solidarity. To him, the essence of breaking the chains of colonialism is to create our own African personality and identity.
Apart from leading Ghana to go through major political reforms, social and economic changes, he is greatly remembered for building a lot of schools, hospitals, factories, improved roads and so on. Unfortunately, due to poor maintenance culture, Ghana has not been able to sustain most of the projects and policies of Kwame Nkrumah.
Dr. Kwame Nkrumah succumbed to death in April 1972 at the age of 62 and was buried in a tomb in the village of his birth Nkroful, Ghana; his remains were transferred to a large national memorial tomb and park. His ideology for pan-Africanism, African liberation and self-governance and great political feats distinguished him among his contemporaries and earned him a far-reaching prestige