Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an American activist, during the civil rights movement in the 19th century. She was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee Alabama, and died on October 24, 2005, in Detriot at the ripe of 92.
She is famous for playing a pivotal role in the Montgomery bus boycott in Alabama, USA when she refused to give up her seat to a white passenger in a segregated bus.
On December 1st 1955, in Montgomery Alabama, Rosa rejected an order by James F. Blake to give up her seat in the coloured section of a bus, to a white passenger after “the only white” section on the bus was filled.
During this time, racial segregation was the order of the day. Thus, people of different races were not allowed to marry or fraternize. Coloured people were seen as “second class” citizens and were expected to act inferior to a person of a white race.
After slavery was abolished 1865 in the United States of America, Black Americans continued to be marginalized through segregation. Segregation is the practice of requiring separate housing, education and other services for people of colour.
Rosa parks was an activist her whole life even before she became famous for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger on a bus.
She was persistent when she was refused the right to vote. This was back when black people were required to take a literacy test before they were allowed to vote. Parks is alleged to have shown up at the registration office multiple times requesting to register as a voter.
She became the recording secretary for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) almost 15 years before she refused to give up her seat on that bus.
Rosa parks act of defiance became an important symbol for the civil rights movement and an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. In Black History Month, we honour Rosa Louise McCauley Parks.