Every 28th of July is a day set aside to celebrate and create awareness about world Hepatitis day. However, the disease continues to ravage on while it is shrouded in misinformation and fear among people.
Thus, on a day like this, it is important to spend a little time to spread a little education and information on what hepatitis is about.
Find below a little information on hepatitis (types and causes of the disease).
- According to the World Health Organization, Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. This condition can be self-limiting or can progress to fibrosis (scarring), cirrhosis or liver cancer.
- The liver is a vital organ that processes nutrients, filters the blood, and fights infections. When the liver is inflamed or damaged, its function can be affected.
- There are five (5) main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis A and E are typically caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water. Hepatitis B, C and D usually occur as a result of parenteral contact with infected body fluids.
- Heavy alcohol use, toxins, some medications, and certain medical conditions can also cause hepatitis. However, hepatitis is often caused by a virus.
- Hepatitis C is the leading cause of liver cancer and also the number one reason for liver transplants in the United States
- For hepatitis A, hand washing is extremely important. For hepatitis B and C, care should be taken to avoid contact with the blood of the infected individual, even the microscopic amounts that hide in toothbrushes and on razors, so never share these items.
- Lastly, it is important to get vaccinated against the disease to avoid contracting from other infected persons. Students and teachers are therefore advised to get tested and vaccinated to prevent the spread of the deadly virus